Research


We have a keen ethos of research, teaching and publishing at Balanced Minds. We feel it’s important that we keep up-to-date with the latest scientific understanding about distress and wellbeing, and where possible, contributing our knowledge to this. To this end, members of our team are currently involved in research linked to:

  • Compassion Focused Therapy
  • Compassionate Mind Training
  • Compassion 
  • Attachment Theory
  • Shame and self-criticism
  • Depression 
  • Psychosis
  • Eating difficulties

Please click on the link of individual clinicians to find a list of research and academic publications that they have been involved in:

Dr Chris Irons


Books

Irons, C. (2019). The Compassionate Mind Guide to Emotional Difficulties. Little Brown. (https://www.amazon.co.uk/Compassionate-Mind-Workbook-step-step/dp/1472135903)

Irons, C. and Beaumont, E. (2017). The Compassionate Mind Workbook. Little Brown. 

Irons, C. (2014). Depression (Palgrave Insights in Psychology series). Palgrave Macmillan. 

Kolts, R. L., Bell, T., Bennett-Levy, J., & Irons, C. (2018). Experiencing compassion-focused therapy from the inside out: A self-practice/self-reflection workbook for therapists. Guilford Publications. 

Joseph, K and Irons, C. (2018). Stress. Macmillan.

Book Chapters

Gilbert, P. and Irons, C. (2014). Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT). In W.Dryden and A. Reeves (Eds.) Handbook of Individual Therapy (Sixth Edition). Sage: London 

Gilbert, P and Irons, C. (2009). Shame, self-criticism, and self-compassion in adolescence. In, N, Allen (ed.) Psychopathology in Adolescence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 

Gilbert P & Irons C. (2005). Focused therapies and compassionate mind training for shame and self-attacking. In, P. Gilbert (ed). Compassion: Conceptualisations, Research and Use in Psychotherapy (263-325). London: Routledge. 

Journal Papers

Irons, C. (2013). The science of compassion: evolutionary, neurophysiological and psychological perspectives. Journal of Holistic Healthcare, 10(3).

Irons, C & Gilbert, P. (2005). Evolved mechanisms in adolescent anxiety and depression. The role of attachment and social rank systems. Journal of Adolescence, 28, 325-341.

Irons, C., Gilbert, P., Baldwin, M.W., Baccus, J. and Palmer, M. (2006). Parental recall, attachment relating and self attacking/self-reassurance: Their relationship with depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45, 297 –308 

Irons, C, and Lad, S. (2017). Using Compassion Focused Therapy to Work with Shame and Self-Criticism in Complex Trauma. Australian Clinical Psychologist 

Wood, L and Irons, C. (2016). Exploring the associations between social rank and external shame with experiences of psychosis. Behavioural and cognitive psychotherapy, 44.5: 527-538.

Beaumont, E., Irons, C., Rayner, G., & Dagnall, N. (2016). Does Compassion-Focused Therapy Training for Health Care Educators and Providers Increase Self-Compassion and Reduce Self-Persecution and Self-Criticism? Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 36, Applying Psychological Theory to Clinical Practice 

Dale-Hewitt, V., & Irons, C. (2015). Compassion Focused Therapy. Formulation in Action: Applying Psychological Theory to Clinical Practice (1), 4-10. 

Heriot-Maitland, C., Vidal, J., Ball, S. and Irons, C. (2014). A Compassionate Focused Therapy group approach for acute inpatients: Feasibility, initial pilot outcome data and recommendations. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 53, 78-94 

Gilbert, P., McEwan, K., Irons, C., Bhundia, R., Christie, R., Broomhead, C., and Rockliff, H. (2010). Self-harm in a mixed clinical population: The roles of self-criticism, shame and social rank. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 49, 563-576. 

Gilbert, P, McEvan, K., Irons, C., Broomhead, C., Bellew, R., Mills, A., and Gale, C. (2009). The dark side of competition: How competitive behaviour and striving to avoid inferiority, are linked to depression, anxiety, stress and self-harm. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 82, 123-136. 

Gilbert, P., Bhundia, R Mitra, R., McEwan, K., Irons C & Sanghera, J (2007). Cultural differences in shame-focused attitudes towards mental health problems in Asian and non- Asian student women. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 10, 127-141. 

Gilbert, P., McEwan, K, Hay, J, Irons, C and Cheung, M. (2007). Social rank and attachment in people with a bipolar disorder. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 14, 48-53. 

Gilbert, P., Broomhead, C., Irons, C, McEwan, K, Bellew, R., Mills, A and Gale, C. (2007). Striving to avoid inferiority: Scale development and its relationship to depression, anxiety and stress. British Journal of Social Psychology, 46, 633-648. 

Gilbert, P. Irons, C. Olsen, K., Gilbert, J and McEwan, K (2006) Interpersonal sensitivities: Their link to mood, anger and gender. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory Research and Practice, 79, 37 -51. 

Martin, Y., Gilbert, P., McEwan, K and Irons, C. (2006). The relation of entrapment, shame and guilt to depression, in carers of people with dementia. Aging and Mental Health, 10, 101–106. 

Gilbert, P., Baldwin, M., Irons, C., Baccus, J. & Clark, M. (2006). Self-criticism and self- warmth: An imagery study exploring their relation to depression. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 20, 183-200. 

Gilbert, P., Boxall, M., Cheung, M., Tuffield, V., and Irons, C. (2005) The relation of paranoid thinking and social anxiety in a mixed clinical population. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 12, 124-133. 

Benn, L., Gilbert, P, Harvey, J and Irons, C. (2005). Social rank, interpersonal trust and recall of parental rearing in relation to homesickness. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 1813 – 1822. 

Cheung, M.S.P., Gilbert P & Irons, C (2004). An exploration of shame, social rank and rumination in relation to depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 1143-1153. 

Gilbert, P., Gilbert, J. and Irons, C. (2004). Life events, entrapments and arrested anger in depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 79, 149-160. 

Gilbert, P., Clarke, M., Kempel, S. Miles, J.N.V. & Irons, C. (2004). Criticizing and reassuring oneself: An exploration of forms style and reasons in female students. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 43, 31-50. 

Gilbert P & Irons, C. (2004). A pilot exploration of the use of compassionate images in a group of self-critical people. Memory, 12, 507-516. 

Gilbert, P., Cheung, M., Wright, T., Campey, F. and Irons, C. (2003). Recall of threat and submissiveness in childhood: Development of a new scale and its relationship with depression, social comparison and shame. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. 10, 108-115. 

Dr Charlie Heriot-Maitland


Book Chapters

Heriot-Maitland, C. and Russell, G. (2018) Compassion-focused therapy for relating to voices. In: Cupitt, C.(ed.) CBT for Psychosis: Process-orientated Therapies and the Third Wave. Routledge: London, pp. 98-114. ISBN 9781138239869

Heriot-Maitland, C. and Peters, E. R. (2015) Dimensional approaches to delusional beliefs. In: Mason, O. and Claridge, G. (eds.) Schizotypy: New Dimensions. Series: Advances in mental health research. Routledge. ISBN 9780415722032

Journal Papers

Heriot-Maitland, C. Allan, S.Bradstreet, S. and Gumley, A. (2018) Antipsychotic treatments: who is really failing here? Lancet Psychiatry, 5(10), p. 785. (doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(18)30336-5)

Taylor, R.Cella, M.Csipke, E.Heriot-Maitland, C. Gibbs, C. and Wykes, T. (2016) Tackling social cognition in schizophrenia: a randomized feasibility trial. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 44(3), pp. 306-317.(doi:10.1017/S1352465815000284)

Brett, C.Heriot-Maitland, C. McGuire, P. and Peters, E. (2014) Predictors of distress associated with psychotic-like anomalous experiences in clinical and non-clinical populations. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 53(2), pp. 213-227. (doi:10.1111/bjc.12036)

Heriot-Maitland, C. Vidal, J. B.Ball, S. and Irons, C. (2014) A compassionate-focused therapy group approach for acute inpatients: Feasibility, initial pilot outcome data, and recommendations. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 53(1), pp. 78-94. (doi:10.1111/bjc.12040)

Heriot-Maitland, C. Knight, M. and Peters, E. (2012) A qualitative comparison of psychotic-like phenomena in clinical and non-clinical populations. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51(1), pp. 37-53.(doi:10.1111/j.2044-8260.2011.02011.x)

Heriot-Maitland, C. (2012) Multi-level models of information processing, and their application to psychosis.Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3(4), pp. 552-571. (doi:10.5127/jep.017711)

Rose, A. K. et al. (2012) National survey of alcohol treatment agencies in England: characteristics of clients.Journal of Substance Use, 17(5-6), pp. 389-398. (doi:10.3109/14659891.2010.499493)

Heriot-Maitland, C. (2011) Exploring the compatibility of biomedical and psychological approaches to treating psychosis. Psychosis, 3(2), pp. 133-140. (doi:10.1080/17522439.2010.518320)

Perryman, K. et al. (2011) The perceived challenges facing alcohol treatment services in England: A qualitative study of service providers. Journal of Substance Use, 16(1), pp. 38-49. (doi:10.3109/14659891003706399)

Rose, A. K. et al. (2011) National survey of alcohol treatment agencies in England: characteristics of treatment agencies. Journal of Substance Use, 16(6), pp. 407-421. (doi:10.3109/14659891003721125)

Heriot-Maitland, C. P. (2008) Mysticism and madness: Different aspects of the same human experience?Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 11(3), pp. 301-325. (doi:10.1080/13674670701287680)

Maitland, C. H. Tsakanikos, E.Holt, G. and Bouras, N. (2006) Mental health service provision for adults with intellectual disability: sources of referrals, clinical characteristics and pathways to care. Primary Care Mental Health, 4, pp. 99-106.

Morgan, C. J.A.Riccelli, M.Maitland, C. H. and Curran, H. V. (2004) Long-term effects of ketamine: evidence for a persisting impairment of source memory in recreational users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 75(3), pp. 301-308. (doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.03.006)

Grants

The role of social factors in dissociation and threat processing in psychosis (2014-2019). Medical Research Council (ref MR/L01677X/1).

Dr Korina Ioannou


Journal Papers

Ioannou, K. & Fox, J.R.E. (2009). Perception of threat from emotions and its role in poor emotional expression within eating pathology. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 16 (4), 336-347.

Todd, S., Bromley, J., Ioannou, K., Harrison, J., Mellor, C & Crabtree, E. (2010). Using group-based parent training interventions with parents of children with disabilities: A description of process, content and outcomes in clinical practice. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 15 (3), 171-175.

Dobler, V., Manly, T., Atkinson, J., Wilson, B.A., Ioannou, K. & Robertson, I.H. (2001). Interaction of hand use and spatial selective attention in children. Neuropsychologia, 39 (10), 1055-1064.

Dr Shelley Kerr


Journal Papers

Burgis, S. (2000). Cognitive factors bearing on suicide ideation in young people. Unpublished Honours in Psychology Thesis. Armidale: University of New England.

De Leo, D., Burgis, S., Bertolote, J. M., Kerkhof, A., & Bille Brahe, U. (2004). Definitions of suicidal behaviour. In De Leo, D., Bille-Brahe, U., Kerkhof, A., & Schmidtke, A., (Eds) Suicidal Behaviour: Theories and Research Findings. (pp. 17-39). Ashland, OH, US: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.

De Leo, D., Burgis, S., Bertolote, J. M., Kerkhof, A. J. F. M., Bille-Brahe, U. (2006) Definitions of suicidal behavior: Lessons learned from the WHO/EURO multicentre study. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention. 27(1), 4-15.

De Leo, D., Cerin, E., Spathonis, K., Burgis, S. (2005). Lifetime risk of suicide ideation and attempts in an Australian community: Prevalence, suicidal process, and help-seeking behaviour. Journal of Affective Disorders. 86(2-3), 215-224.

De Leo, D., Swanton, K., Harper, C., Firman, D., Leorin, C., Burgis, S., Morris, P., & Pollard, G. (2002). The Gold Coast suicide prevention community survey interim report. Conference paper presented at the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 37th Congress, The Mind: The Final Frontier. 29th April, 2002.

Kerr, S. L., &O’Donovan, A. (2009). Can Gratitude and Kindness Enhance Well-being in a Clinical Sample? Positive Psychology World Congress, Philadelphia

Kerr, S. L., O’Donovan, A., & Pepping, C. A. (2014). Can gratitude and kindness interventions enhance well-being in a clinical sample? Journal of Happiness Studies, 16, 17–36. doi:10.1007/s10902-013-9492-1

Lumsden, V., Kerr, S., & Feigenbaum, J. (2018). ‘It makes me not worthy to be a father from time to time’: the experiences of fathers with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder. Journal of Family Studies, 24 (2), 109-125.

Naismith, I., Feigenbaum, J., Kerr, S. L. (in press) Barriers to Compassionate Imagery – A Qualitative Study. Clinical Psychologist. DOI:10.1111/cp.12180

 

If you’re a clinician or academic in learning more about the research we’re involved in, or would like to collaborate in projects in the future, get in touch with us at info@balancedminds.com